German painter, sculptor, stained glass designer and writer, Freudlich studied History of Art in Berlin and Munich. After a visit to Florence (1905-06), he became interested in sculpture and, in 1908-09 he met Picasso, Braque and Gris during a stay in Paris, who influenced his early works. In 1918, he moved to Paris where he stayed until 1924 and was a founder member of the Novembergruppe. In 1930, he joined the Cercle et Carré group and, from 1931, was a member of the Abstraction-Création group. This was also in Paris, where he opened his own academy. In 1924, he established himself as a painter of stained glass in France and achieved some success as one of the abstract painters who contributed most to the Paris Salon des Réalités Nouvelles, together with Kandinsky, Mondrian, Robert and Sonia Delaunay and Frantisek Kupka. Nevertheless, in Germany his work was condemned by the Nazis. Arrested and deported in 1940, Freundlich died some years later in a concentration camp, thus becoming one more victim of the holocaust.