British painter born in London. Hamilton was a member of the Independent Group, formed in the 1950s by a group of artists and writers at the Institute of Contemporary Arts, whose symposiums contributed to the development of Pop art in Britain. He was educated at the Royal Academy Schools from 1938 to 1940. He returned in 1946 to the Royal Academy Schools, from which he was expelled then attended the Slade School of Art from 1948 to 1951. 1946-47 National Service, Royal Engineers. He exhibited at the Hanover Gallery in 1955, and participated in This is Tomorrow at the Whitechapel Gallery in 1956. Hamilton taught at the London Central School of Arts and Crafts and University of Newcastle upon Tyne; he gave up teaching full-time in 1966. He designed a typographic version of Duchamp's Green Box, published in 1960, and in 1965-66, with Duchamp's guidance, reconstructed Duchamp's The Bride Stripped Bare by her Bachelors, Even (The Large Glass). Keen to embrace certain types of technology within his art, Hamilton began creating computer-generated works in the 1980s. He has had a long career as a print-maker, and in 1983 won the World Print Council Award. Retrospective exhibitions of Hamilton's work have been held at the Hanover Gallery, 1964, the Tate Gallery, 1970 and 1992, 1990-91 Kunstmuseum, Wintherthur (travelled to Hannover and Valencia) and abroad. 1982 Writings published (Collected Words). 1984 Designed OHIO computer chassis. 1987 Began to use Quantel Paintbox. He was Britain's representative at the 1993 Venice Biennale. 1995 Anthony d’Offay Gallery, London.