French artist born in Courbevoie. His education was horticulturalist, though he abandoned his profession to devote himself to the artistic activity. He had his first one-man show in 1965. In that same year he began to use white tile 15x15 cm. In 1962, he filled a vase of flowers with cement as an affirmation of his artistic identity. The vase of flowers was a recurrent theme in his work: in 1970 he made an edition of 4.000 pieces, in 1980 he covered it with gold leaf, in 1985 he grave it gigantic proportions. He has made, as well, installations with hospital beds, self-portraits, coffins or guns. His work developed around themes such as solitude and death. He represented France at the Venice Biennale 1993. Bibliography: Jean-Pierre Raynaud, MNAM, Paris, 1979; Jean-Pierre Raynaud, CAPC, Bordeaux, 1993.