British painter. He studied at the Sheffield College of Art (1944-46), St Martin's School of Art (1948-50) and the Royal College of Art (1950-53). His first one-man show was in 1953 at the Beaux-Arts Gallery in London. His first paintings were of kitchens and children from 1952-53 and initially brought him fame, being called a "Kitchen-sink" painter. In 1956, he joined John Bratby, Edward Middledtich and Greaves at the British pavilion in the Venice Biennale. In the early 60s, he began to develop a more austere approach with a host of small forms which provide a dynamic "dancing look". The use of musical analogies combined with a dedication to the belief in a "written visual language that can deal with any experience or sensation", is replete with conceptual difficulties respecting notions of signal and expression.