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Copyright estate of the artist
 Delaunay, Robert (1885 - 1941)
France

Relief; Rythms, 1932

Oil and plaster on canvas mounted on fiber (Masonite);
100.3 x 81 cm
Abstraction Between WWI and WWII

UID 102-156



Biography

French painter, born in Paris. He started painting c.1904 and his early works move rapidly through the color theories of Chevreul, the space concepts of Cézanne and Braque, and his interest in optics. In 1912 he arrived at a formula of brilliantly colored abstractions with only the most tenuous roots in naturalistic observation. In 1909 he began the Eiffel Tower series. In 1911-1912 he exhibited with Der Blaue Reiter Group in Munich and in 1912 at Der Sturm Gallery in Berlin. This early contact with the German avant-garde, and especially the paintings and writings of Kandinsky, helped to make Delaunay one of the first French artists to embrace abstraction. He also joined the Cubists at the highly controversial Salon des Indépendants of 1911, where Apollinaire declared his painting the most important work in the show. Also in 1912 he began the Window series, in which pure planes of color, fractured by light, eliminate any vestiges of reality. In 1912 Apollinaire named the abstract experiments of Delaunay, Léger, Kupka, and others Orphism, a style based on the invention of new structures. In his Disk paintings of 1913 Delaunay abandoned even the pretense of subject, creating arrangements of vividly colored circles and shapes. Married the painter Sonia Terk in 1910 and they lived in Spain and Portugal during the First World War.



Exhibitions

The Berardo Collection - A Voyage through the 20th Century
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
04-12-2004 ~ 30-04-2005

Face - a - Face
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
02-10-2001 ~ 30-04-2001

Novas Aquisições da Colecção Berardo
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
11-08-1999 ~ 02-01-2000

Durante o Fim - Rui Chafes
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
15-10-2000 ~ 14-01-2001

Fernando Lemos e o Surrealismo - Colecção Berardo
Centro das Artes Casa das Mudas, Calheta, Madeira, Portugal
08-07-2006 ~ 31-01-2007

Art Deco Berardo Collection, Sintra
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
17-03-2007 ~ 14-10-2007

De Miró à Warhol. La Collection Berardo à Paris
Musée du Luxembourg, France
16-10-2008 ~ 22-02-2009


Bibliography

Colecção Berardo, Novas Aquisições, 2000
Published by Arte Ibérica

Fernando Lemos e o Surrealismo – Colecção Berardo, 2006
Published by Centro das Artes - Casa das Mudas
ISBN 9728902034







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