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Copyright estate of the artist
 Duchamp, Marcel (1887 - 1968)
France

Boîte (Série C), 1958

Exterior covering in linen, lined with grey-blue Ingres paper (68 elements);
40 x 38 x 9 cm
Dada

UID 102-177



Biography

The art and ideas of this French painter, sculptor and writer, who gained American citizenship in 1955, perhaps more than any other 20th century artist, exemplify the range of possibilities inherent in the process of producing art. Duchamp refused to accept the models and practices of an established system of art, conventions that were considered essential to achieve fame and fortune. He refused to repeat himself in order to develop a personal style and likewise refused to exhibit on a regular basis. He began painting at 15, having classes in 1904 and 1905 at the Académie Julian. His works were presented publicly for the first time in 1909 at the Salon des Indépendants and the Salon d' Automne in Paris as well as at the Société Normande de Peinture Modern in Rouen. Around 1912, Duchamp painted the work that would bring him a name and an international reputation and with which he would always be linked, Nude Descending a Staircase No. 2. During the spring of this year, he continued to play with the imagery of Cubist forms in a series of drawings and paintings which reconciled human forms with mechanical images. In 1913, he gave up the traditional tools and techniques of painting driven by his desire to elevate art and the artistic process beyond the merely visual or retinal. Two years later, he began the construction of his most complex work The Bride Stripped Bare by her Bachelors, Even, also known as Large Glass. In 1918, Duchamp left for Buenos Aires, to return to Paris the following year where he joined Francis Picabia for six months and where he met many of the Dada group. Despite having many friends actively participating in Dadaism and Surrealism, Duchamp's work always had few stylistic affinities with these groups. In challenging the traditional concepts of art with his anti-art, he anticipated numerous later developments and is seen as one of the most important vanguardists and a central figure in 20th century art.



Exhibitions

Viagem ao Séc. XX, A Walk Through The Century
EXPO 98, Portugal
12-02-1998 ~ 21-05-1998

Here and Now: On Minimal Art in The Berardo Collection
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
18-10-2003 ~ 22-02-2004

Building/Unbuilding/Inhabit - works of The Berardo Collection
Centro Cultural de Belém (CCB), Portugal
29-04-2005 ~ 15-01-2006

A Look at The Berardo Collection
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
18-06-2000 ~ 30-09-2000

Durante o Fim - Rui Chafes
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
15-10-2000 ~ 14-01-2001

O Surrealismo na Colecção Berardo - Estranho Desenho, Sintra
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
04-07-2001 ~ 30-06-2001

Fernando Lemos e o Surrealismo - Colecção Berardo
Centro das Artes Casa das Mudas, Calheta, Madeira, Portugal
08-07-2006 ~ 31-01-2007

Observers
Museu Colecção Berardo, Portugal
14-02-2011 ~ 29-05-2011


Bibliography

Here and Now: On Minimal Art in The Berardo Collection, 2003
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 972990300X

Colecção Berardo Collection 1917-1999, 2000
Published by CCB - Centro Cultural de Belém
ISBN 972817652X

Colecção Berardo, Novas Aquisições, 2000
Published by Arte Ibérica

Fernando Lemos e o Surrealismo – Colecção Berardo, 2006
Published by Centro das Artes - Casa das Mudas
ISBN 9728902034

Liberdade de Imprensa Colecção Berardo, 2006
Published by Diário de Notícias
ISBN 9729335923

O Surrealismo na Colecção Berardo - Estranho Desenho, 2001
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 9729742847

O Surrealismo na Colecção Berardo - Estranho Desenho, 2003
Published by Palácio da Galeria, Câmara Municipal de Tavira
ISBN 9728705050

Respirateur, 1955
Published by Staatliches Museum

A Look at The Berardo Collection, 2000
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 9729742839

Viagem ao Séc. XX, A Walk Through the Century, 1998
Published by Expo 98, Lisbon, 02/2000







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