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Museu Berardo
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Copyright estate of the artist
 Duchamp, Marcel (1887 - 1968)
France

Le Porte Bouteilles / Bottle Dryer, 1914-64

Galvanized iron;
59 x 37 cm
Dada

UID 102-178



Biography

The art and ideas of this French painter, sculptor and writer, who gained American citizenship in 1955, perhaps more than any other 20th century artist, exemplify the range of possibilities inherent in the process of producing art. Duchamp refused to accept the models and practices of an established system of art, conventions that were considered essential to achieve fame and fortune. He refused to repeat himself in order to develop a personal style and likewise refused to exhibit on a regular basis. He began painting at 15, having classes in 1904 and 1905 at the Académie Julian. His works were presented publicly for the first time in 1909 at the Salon des Indépendants and the Salon d' Automne in Paris as well as at the Société Normande de Peinture Modern in Rouen. Around 1912, Duchamp painted the work that would bring him a name and an international reputation and with which he would always be linked, Nude Descending a Staircase No. 2. During the spring of this year, he continued to play with the imagery of Cubist forms in a series of drawings and paintings which reconciled human forms with mechanical images. In 1913, he gave up the traditional tools and techniques of painting driven by his desire to elevate art and the artistic process beyond the merely visual or retinal. Two years later, he began the construction of his most complex work The Bride Stripped Bare by her Bachelors, Even, also known as Large Glass. In 1918, Duchamp left for Buenos Aires, to return to Paris the following year where he joined Francis Picabia for six months and where he met many of the Dada group. Despite having many friends actively participating in Dadaism and Surrealism, Duchamp's work always had few stylistic affinities with these groups. In challenging the traditional concepts of art with his anti-art, he anticipated numerous later developments and is seen as one of the most important vanguardists and a central figure in 20th century art.



Exhibitions

O Surrealismo
Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil (CCBB), Brazil
20-08-2001 ~ 28-10-2001

O Surrealismo na Colecção Berardo - Estranho Desenho
Palácio da Galeria, Câmara Municipal de Tavira, Portugal
12-07-2003 ~ 14-09-2003

Here and Now: On Minimal Art in The Berardo Collection
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
18-10-2003 ~ 22-02-2004

Pomar - Autobiography
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
08-05-2004 ~ 07-11-2004

Colecção Berardo Collection 1917-1999
Centro Cultural de Belém (CCB), Portugal
27-01-2000 ~ 27-08-2000

Pop Art & Co. - The Berardo Collection - Sintra Museum of Modern Art (Gunma)
The Museum of Modern Art (Gunma), Japan
19-02-2005 ~ 27-03-2005

Pop Art & Co. - The Berardo Collection - Sintra Museum of Modern Art (Hiroshima)
Hiroshima City Museum of Contemporary Art, Japan
29-05-2005 ~ 10-07-2005

Pop Art & Co. - The Berardo Collection - Sintra Museum of Modern Art (Tokyo)
The Bunkamura Museum of Art, Japan
06-11-2004 ~ 26-12-2004

Pop Art & Co. - The Berardo Collection - Sintra Museum of Modern Art (Kochi)
The Museum of Art (Kochi), Japan
03-04-2005 ~ 22-05-2005

Los ismos de Ramón Gómez de la Serna y un apéndice circense
Museo Nacional, Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Spain
05-06-2002 ~ 25-08-2002

Pop Art & Co. - The Berardo Collection - Sintra Museum of Modern Art (Osaka)
Daimaru Museum, (Umeda, Osaka), Japan
19-01-2005 ~ 06-02-2005

Pop Art & Co. - The Berardo Collection - Sintra Museum of Modern Art (Nagoya)
Nagoya City Art Museum, Japan
10-09-2005 ~ 30-10-2005

Pop Art & Co. - The Berardo Collection - Sintra Museum of Modern Art (Sapporo)
Hokkaido Museum of Modern Art (Sapporo), Japan
26-07-2005 ~ 28-08-2005

O Surrealismo na Colecção Berardo - Estranho Desenho, Sintra
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
04-07-2001 ~ 30-06-2001

Colecção Berardo - Arte Pop & Ca.
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
19-04-2002 ~ 15-09-2002

Sin Título (el arte del siglo XX en la Colección Berardo)
Fundación Pedro Barrié de la Maza, Spain
29-06-2006 ~ 26-11-2006

Fernando Lemos and Surrealism - The Berardo Collection
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
26-11-2005 ~ 18-06-2006

Berardo Museum Opening
Museu Colecção Berardo, Portugal
25-06-2007 ~ 24-08-2008

A Colecção Berardo a partir do Atelier Brancusi
Galeria Jornal de Notícias, Portugal
26-01-2007 ~ 24-03-2007

Arriscar o Real
Museu Colecção Berardo, Portugal
08-06-2009 ~ 30-09-2009

Sous la Dictée de L’image
Museu Colecção Berardo, Portugal
01-03-2010 ~ 26-05-2010


Bibliography

Here and Now: On Minimal Art in The Berardo Collection, 2003
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 972990300X

Colecção Berardo Collection 1917-1999, 2000
Published by CCB - Centro Cultural de Belém
ISBN 972817652X

Colecção Berardo, Novas Aquisições, 2000
Published by Arte Ibérica

Fernando Lemos and Surrealism , 2005
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 9729903026

Los ismos de Ramón Gómez de la Serna y un apéndice circense, 2002
Published by Museu Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía

M.A.J.Y. - M.A.G.I.E., 1988

MiragensPerversas, 2006
Published by Bacalhôa Vinhos de Portugal
ISBN no

O Surrealismo na Colecção Berardo - Estranho Desenho, 2001
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 9729742847

O Surrealismo na Colecção Berardo - Estranho Desenho, 2003
Published by Palácio da Galeria, Câmara Municipal de Tavira
ISBN 9728705050

Part Object Part Sculpture, 2005
Published by The Pennsylvania State University Press
ISBN 0271028556

Pomar - Autobiography, 2004
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 9723709066

Pop Art & Co. - The Berardo Collection - Sintra Museum of Modern Art, 2004
Published by TBS Television, INC.

Respirateur, 1955
Published by Staatliches Museum

Sin Título (el arte del siglo XX en la Colección Berardo), 2006
Published by Fundación Pedro Barrié de la Maza
ISBN 8495892529







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