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Copyright the artist
 Arman,  (1928 - 2005)
France

Frozen Civilization No.2, 1971

Accumulation of garbage embedded in polyester;
122 x 91.5 x 11 cm
Nouveau Réalisme

UID 102-21



Biography

Armand Pierre Fernandez born in Nice. In 1946 receives Baccalaureate in Philosophy and Mathematics from the Academy of France. Meets Yves Klein and Claude Pascal at a judo school in Nice. In admiration of Vincent Van Gogh, who signed only his first name on his paintings, they decide to give up their surnames. Until 1953 the three are strongly involved, spiritually and intellectually, with Zen Buddhism, Rosicrucianism, and Astrology. Collaborates with Klein on happenings. In 1958, the printer of a catalogue omits the "d" from his name, he decides to be known as Arman. 1959: makes his first sculptures: destruction, Poubelles (Garbage Bins) Accumulations. 1960: fills Galerie Iris Clert with garbage, creating Le Plein ("Full Up"). Signs a manifesto with artists of the Nouveau Réalisme and Critic/Art Historian Pierre Restany. Makes first visit to New York and is included in his first museum group exhibition, The Art of Assemblage at the Museum of Modern Art. In 1967 begins an "art-industry" collaboration with Renault, the French automobile manufacturer, which continues through the 1980's. Represents France at Expo '67 in Montreal. Exhibits at the XXXIV Venice Biennale and Documenta in Kassel, Germany, 1968. In 1969, traveling exhibition of Renault Accumulations opens at the Stedelijk Museum and tours throughout Europe. Decorated as Chevalier de l'Ordre du Mérite by the President of the Republic of France. In 1973 becomes a U.S. citizen, in the following year, first museum retrospective in the United States. Selected Works 1958-74, is held at the La Jolla Museum of Contemporary Art, California, and tours throughout the United States. In 1998 retrospective at the Jeu de Paume in Paris, France.



Exhibitions

Arman: Selected Works 1958-1974
La Jolla Museum, USA
15-09-1974 ~ 29-10-1974

Arman: Selected Works 1958-1974
Henry Art Gallery (University of Washington), USA
10-11-1974 ~ 08-12-1974

Arman: Selected Works 1958-1974
Fort Worth Art Museum, USA
18-01-1975 ~ 23-02-1975

Arman: Selected Works 1958-1974
Des Moines Art Center, USA
18-03-1975 ~ 20-04-1975

Arman: Selected Works 1958-1974
Albright Knox Art Gallery, USA
28-06-1975 ~ 03-08-1975

Out of Context
Thorpe Intermedia Gallery, USA
16-09-1984 ~ 21-10-1984

Arman: Works from 1955 - 1989
The Mayor Gallery, United Kingdom
01-06-1989 ~ 31-08-1989

The Berardo Collection
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
17-05-1997 ~ 31-08-1997

Pop 60s Transatlantic Crossing
Centro Cultural de Belém (CCB), Portugal
11-09-1997 ~ 17-11-1997

Nova Apresentação da Colecção Berardo
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
08-11-1999 ~ 01-03-2000

Colecção Berardo - Arte Pop & Ca.
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
19-04-2002 ~ 15-09-2002

Pop Art & Co. - The Berardo Collection - Sintra Museum of Modern Art (Gunma)
The Museum of Modern Art (Gunma), Japan
19-02-2005 ~ 27-03-2005

Pop Art & Co. - The Berardo Collection - Sintra Museum of Modern Art (Hiroshima)
Hiroshima City Museum of Contemporary Art, Japan
29-05-2005 ~ 10-07-2005

Pop Art & Co. - The Berardo Collection - Sintra Museum of Modern Art (Kochi)
The Museum of Art (Kochi), Japan
03-04-2005 ~ 22-05-2005

Pop Art & Co. - The Berardo Collection - Sintra Museum of Modern Art (Nagoya)
Nagoya City Art Museum, Japan
10-09-2005 ~ 30-10-2005

Pop Art & Co. - The Berardo Collection - Sintra Museum of Modern Art (Osaka)
Daimaru Museum, (Umeda, Osaka), Japan
19-01-2005 ~ 06-02-2005

Pop Art & Co. - The Berardo Collection - Sintra Museum of Modern Art (Sapporo)
Hokkaido Museum of Modern Art (Sapporo), Japan
26-07-2005 ~ 28-08-2005

Pop Art & Co. - The Berardo Collection - Sintra Museum of Modern Art (Tokyo)
The Bunkamura Museum of Art, Japan
06-11-2004 ~ 26-12-2004

Liberdade de Imprensa Colecção Berardo
Galeria Diário de Noticias, Portugal
15-03-2006 ~ 05-05-2006

Berardo Museum
Museu Colecção Berardo, Portugal
25-06-2007 ~ 16-09-2007

POVO
Fundação EDP, Portugal
18-06-2010 ~ 19-09-2010

Observers
Museu Colecção Berardo, Portugal
14-02-2011 ~ 29-05-2011


Bibliography

Arman, 1973
Published by Abrams

Arman, 1987
Published by Edition de La Difference

Arman: Selected Works 1958-1974, 1974
Published by La Jolla Museum

Arman: Works 1955-1989, 1989
Published by The Mayor Gallery

Colecção Berardo - Art Pop & Ca., 2002
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 9729742873

Colecção Berardo Collection 1917-1999, 2000
Published by CCB - Centro Cultural de Belém
ISBN 972817652X

Liberdade de Imprensa Colecção Berardo, 2006
Published by Diário de Notícias
ISBN 9729335923

Pop '60s Transatlantic Crossing, 1997
Published by CCB - Centro Cultural de Belém
ISBN 9728176384

Pop Art & Co. - The Berardo Collection - Sintra Museum of Modern Art, 2004
Published by TBS Television, INC.

The Berardo Collection – Sintra Museum of Modern Art, 1996
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 9729739105







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