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Copyright estate of the artist
 Picabia, Francis (1879 - 1953)
France

Balance, 1919-20

Oil on cardboard;
60 x 44 cm
Dada

UID 102-445



Biography

French painter and writer, Picabia was one of the most important figures in the Dada movement in France and the United States. He studied at the Ecole des Arts Décoratifs in Paris between 1895 and 1897 and immediately gained recognition for his Impressionist-inspired landscapes. These works, exhibited in various Paris salons, were particularly close to those of Camile Pissarro and Alfred Sisley. In the first decade of the century, Picabia was fascinated by the vanguard ideas that appeared, above all, through Orphism which Apollinaire launched in 1912. This strong influence led him to give up his experiments with Impressionism and Pointillism and begin to concentrate on compositions which were Cubist in tendency, immensely coloured and rich in contrasts. In 1912, he exhibited with the Section d'Or group and, in 1913, at the Armony Show in New York. During the First World War, Picabia travelled to various countries, finally settling, in 1916, in New York where he collaborated with the photographer Alfred Stieglitz, in his Gallery 291 and the magazine of the same name. During this period, he also became close to Duchamp. Later in the same year, he established himself in Barcelona, where he published the first issue of the magazine 391 in allusion to his involvement with 291 in New York. The 19 issues published between 1917 and 1924 were of fundamental importance for the development of Dada in Paris. In 1919, he returned Paris and, until 1924, it was there that he produced his most important Dadaist works. At this time, his literary pamphlets caused tremendous scandal as did his deliberately shocking drawings. In 1924, Picabia cut his relations with the Surrealists and turned his back on Paris and the art establishment. In 1925, on moving to a house near Cannes, his work underwent major changes which are visible, for example, in a series of paintings entitled Monsters. In 1927, he executed the first work in a series which he would work on until 1931 entitled Transparencies, in which he made use of former artists such as Piero della Francesca, Botticelli and Guido Reni. In this period, he painted according to a realist technique, cold in character, aggressive and disturbing. In the 40s, he produced a series of strongly erotic paintings featuring nude feminine figures. These "kitsch" works were considered, by some, a way of solving the artist's financial difficulties and, by others, the great precursors of Pop Art. At the end of the Second World War, Picabia returned to Paris and concentrated on inventing new methods and recycling features of his previous work. Although as a Dada artist, Picabia had received considerable recognition, it was only in the 80s that his art and particularly his final, more controversial phases, was re-evaluated by the young American and European artists, such as David Salle and Sigmar Polke. Artistic trends have appeared where the complexities of Picabia's development continue to prove influential.



Exhibitions

Francis Picabia
Grand Palais, France
23-01-1976 ~ 29-03-1976

O Surrealismo
Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil (CCBB), Brazil
20-08-2001 ~ 28-10-2001

O Surrealismo na Colecção Berardo - Estranho Desenho
Palácio da Galeria, Câmara Municipal de Tavira, Portugal
12-07-2003 ~ 14-09-2003

Um paseo por la vanguardia española. Instantánea de Ramón Gómez de la Serna
Museo Historíco Provincial "Doctor Julio Marc", Argentina
17-11-2004 ~ 20-02-2005

Fernando Lemos and Surrealism - The Berardo Collection
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
26-11-2005 ~ 18-06-2006

Colecção Berardo Collection 1917-1999
Centro Cultural de Belém (CCB), Portugal
27-01-2000 ~ 27-08-2000

Durante o Fim - Rui Chafes
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
15-10-2000 ~ 14-01-2001

Los ismos de Ramón Gómez de la Serna y un apéndice circense
Museo Nacional, Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Spain
05-06-2002 ~ 25-08-2002

Territórios Singulares na Colecção Berardo
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
22-10-2002 ~ 28-02-2003

Francis Picabia (NY)
The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum of Art, USA
01-01-1970 ~ 31-12-1970

Francis Picabia Singulier idéal
Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, France
16-11-2002 ~ 16-03-2003

Francis Picabia (Paris)
Centre Georges Pompidou, France
01-01-1996 ~ 31-12-1996

Aquisições Recentes da Colecção Berardo
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
17-05-1998 ~ 04-04-1999

Nova Apresentação da Colecção Berardo
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
08-11-1999 ~ 01-03-2000

O Surrealismo na Colecção Berardo - Estranho Desenho, Sintra
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
04-07-2001 ~ 30-06-2001

Fernando Lemos e o Surrealismo - Colecção Berardo
Centro das Artes Casa das Mudas, Calheta, Madeira, Portugal
08-07-2006 ~ 31-01-2007

Berardo Museum Opening
Museu Colecção Berardo, Portugal
25-06-2007 ~ 24-08-2008

De Miró à Warhol. La Collection Berardo à Paris
Musée du Luxembourg, France
16-10-2008 ~ 22-02-2009

Arriscar o Real
Museu Colecção Berardo, Portugal
08-06-2009 ~ 30-09-2009

Fragmentos Arte Contemporânea na Colecção Berardo
MACE, Museu de Arte Contemporânea de Elvas, Portugal
24-09-2010 ~ 23-01-2011

Quick, Quick, Slow - Texto, Imagem e Tempo
Museu Colecção Berardo, Portugal
11-09-2009 ~ 29-11-2009

Tudo o que é Sólido
Museu Colecção Berardo, Portugal
07-06-2010 ~ 12-09-2010


Bibliography

Colecção Berardo Collection 1917-1999, 2000
Published by CCB - Centro Cultural de Belém
ISBN 972817652X

Fernando Lemos and Surrealism , 2005
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 9729903026

Fernando Lemos e o Surrealismo – Colecção Berardo, 2006
Published by Centro das Artes - Casa das Mudas
ISBN 9728902034

Francis Picabia, 1970
Published by The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum

Francis Picabia
Published by Grand Palais

Francis Picabia Singulier idéal, 2002
Published by Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris

Joan Miró: Magnetic Fields
Published by Foundation Solomon R. Guggenheim

Los ismos de Ramón Gómez de la Serna y un apéndice circense, 2002
Published by Museu Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía

O Surrealismo, 2001
Published by Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil

O Surrealismo na Colecção Berardo - Estranho Desenho, 2001
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 9729742847

O Surrealismo na Colecção Berardo - Estranho Desenho, 2003
Published by Palácio da Galeria, Câmara Municipal de Tavira
ISBN 9728705050

Territórios Singulares na Colecção Berardo, 2002
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 972974288X







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