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No image due to Copyright restrictions.
 Pollock, Jackson (1912 - 1956)
USA

Head, 1938-41

Oil on canvas;
40.5 x 39.5 cm
Action Painting

UID 102-455



Biography

American painter. Pollock settled in Los Angeles in 1928, where he began his studies at the Manual Arts High School under Frederick John de St Vrain Schwankowsky who brought him to accept some contemporary spiritual concepts. In 1930, he moved to New York, where he studied at the Art Student League. Until 1938, his work was influenced by Benton, Albert Pinkham, Clemente Orozco and Siqueiros. The painting Going West is typical of this period and has many of the characteristics of the style and symbolism of Pollock's late Abstract Expressionism. In 1938, he underwent treatment for alcoholism which, in artistic terms, led to an exploration of his unconscious symbolism mediated by the stylistic influence of Picasso, Orozco and Miró. His works in these periods of psychotherapy contain elements that would later become part his personal iconography. In 1943, he had his first one-man show at the Peggy Guggenheim Gallery in New York. This was followed by annual exhibitions until 1947. Between 1944 and 1945, he experimented with engravings whose style was essentially abstract and, around 1948, he gained tremendous critical recognition. After 1951, he began drinking again, returning to his previous symbolic imagery. Towards the end of his career, in spite of producing and drawings of some quality, his mental and physical debility made him incapable of responding to the pressures and demands of an art world that saw him as a leader. He died in a car accident, in 1956.



Exhibitions

Jackson Pollock: Paintings, Drawings and Watercolours from the Collection of Lee Krasner Pollock
Marlborough Fine Art Ltd., Japan
01-06-1961 ~ 30-06-1961

Jackson Pollock (Düsseldorf)
Kunsthalle (Düsseldorf), Germany
05-09-1961 ~ 29-11-1961

Jackson Pollock: Paintings and Drawings 1934-1952
Anthony d'Offay Gallery, United Kingdom
07-09-1989 ~ 24-10-1989

Jackson Pollock - Retrospective
The Museum of Modern Art (MOMA, NY), USA
28-10-1998 ~ 02-02-1999

O Surrealismo
Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil (CCBB), Brazil
20-08-2001 ~ 28-10-2001

O Surrealismo na Colecção Berardo - Estranho Desenho
Palácio da Galeria, Câmara Municipal de Tavira, Portugal
12-07-2003 ~ 14-09-2003

Corpus: Visions of the Body in The Berardo Collection
Centro Cultural de Belém (CCB), Portugal
10-10-2003 ~ 13-03-2004

Pomar - Autobiography
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
08-05-2004 ~ 07-11-2004

The Berardo Collection - A Voyage through the 20th Century
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
04-12-2004 ~ 30-04-2005

Jackson Pollock - Retrospective (London)
Tate Gallery, United Kingdom
04-03-1999 ~ 06-06-1999

Jackson Pollock (Germany)
Kunstverein fur die Rheinland und Westfalen, Germany
05-09-1961 ~ 08-10-1961

Jackson Pollock (Milan)
Toninelli Arte Moderna, Italy
01-01-1962 ~ 31-12-1962

Jackson Pollock (New York)
Marlborough-Gerson Gallery, USA
01-01-1964 ~ 28-02-1964

Jackson Pollock (Rome)
Marlborough Galleria d´Arte, Italy
01-10-1962 ~ 30-11-1962

Jackson Pollock (Stockholm)
Moderna Museet, Sweden
01-02-1963 ~ 30-04-1963

Jackson Pollock (Zurich)
Kunsthaus (Zürich), Switzerland
24-10-1961 ~ 29-11-1961

Colecção Berardo Collection 1917-1999
Centro Cultural de Belém (CCB), Portugal
27-01-2000 ~ 27-08-2000

Durante o Fim - Rui Chafes
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
15-10-2000 ~ 14-01-2001

Territórios Singulares na Colecção Berardo
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
22-10-2002 ~ 28-02-2003

Jackson Pollock in Venice
Museo Correr, Piazza San Marco, Italy
23-03-2002 ~ 30-06-2002

Picasso and American Art, Whitney
Whitney Museum of American Art, USA
28-09-2006 ~ 04-02-2007

O Surrealismo na Colecção Berardo - Estranho Desenho, Sintra
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
04-07-2001 ~ 30-06-2001

Nova Apresentação da Colecção Berardo
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
08-11-1999 ~ 01-03-2000

Picasso and American Art, San Francisco
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, USA
25-02-2007 ~ 20-05-2007

Picasso and American Art, Walker Center
Walker Art Center, USA
17-06-2007 ~ 09-09-2007

De Miró à Warhol. La Collection Berardo à Paris
Musée du Luxembourg, France
16-10-2008 ~ 22-02-2009

Arriscar o Real
Museu Colecção Berardo, Portugal
08-06-2009 ~ 30-09-2009

Fragmentos Arte Contemporânea na Colecção Berardo
MACE, Museu de Arte Contemporânea de Elvas, Portugal
24-09-2010 ~ 23-01-2011

Tudo o que é Sólido
Museu Colecção Berardo, Portugal
07-06-2010 ~ 12-09-2010


Bibliography

Colecção Berardo Collection 1917-1999, 2000
Published by CCB - Centro Cultural de Belém
ISBN 972817652X

Corpus: Visions of the Body in The Berardo Collection, 2003
Published by CCB - Centro Cultural de Belém
ISBN 9728176856

Interpreting Pollock, 1999

Jackson Pollock, 1964
Published by Marlborough Gallery

Jackson Pollock, 1963
Published by Moderna Museet

Jackson Pollock, 1989
Published by Thames & Hudson

Jackson Pollock, 1961
Published by Kunsthalle

Jackson Pollock in Venice
Published by Museo Correr

Jackson Pollock, Modern Masters Series, vol. 3, 1983
Published by Abbeville Press

Jackson Pollock: A Catalogue Raisonné of Paintings,, 1978
Published by Yale University Press, New Haven and London

Jackson Pollock: Paintings and Drawings 1934 to 1952, 1989
Published by Anthony d'Offay Gallery

Jackson Pollock: Paintings, Drawings and Watercolours from the Collection of Lee Krasner Pollock, 1961
Published by Marlborough Fine Art Limited

O Surrealismo na Colecção Berardo - Estranho Desenho, 2001
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 9729742847

O Surrealismo na Colecção Berardo - Estranho Desenho, 2003
Published by Palácio da Galeria, Câmara Municipal de Tavira
ISBN 9728705050

Pollock, 1968
Published by Sadea Editore

Pollock, Twentieth Century Masters, 1970-1971
Published by The Hamlyn Publishing Group, Ltd.

Pomar - Autobiography, 2004
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 9723709066

Territórios Singulares na Colecção Berardo, 2002
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 972974288X

The Genesis of Jackson Pollock: 1912 to 1943, 1965
Published by Ph.D. Dissertation, The John Hopkins University







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