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Copyright Estate Hans Bellmer
 Bellmer, Hans (1902 - 1975)
France

La Toupie, 1956

Oil on cardboard;
0 x 65.1 cm
Surrealism

UID 102-50



Biography

French artist of Polish origin. Attended the Berlin Technical School, studying drawing with Georg Groz and establishing contact with other figures related to the German Dada. In the early 1930s Bellmer made several dolls with the assistance of his brother, in part as a protest against Germany's Nazi regime and its body cult, and in part out of an expression of erotic feelings. The articulated and ball-jointed parts, could be dismembered and reassembled in every manner of erotic or asochistic posture. The artist then photographed the fetishistic objects, whose implied sadism appealed to the Surrealists. In late 1935 or early 1936, Bellmer sent a number of his photographs to Paris, where they were received by Breton, Paul Éluard, and soon appeared in the magazine "Minotaure" and in an issue of "Cahiers d'art" devoted to the Surrealist object. When the artist moved from Berlin to Paris, following the death of his wife in February 1938, Éluard selected fourteen of the photographs, and "illustrated" each of them with a short poem, The collaborative work was published, only ten years after, by Editions Premières, in Paris, with the title "Les Jeux de la poupée" (The Games of the Doll).



Exhibitions

Corpus: Visions of the Body in The Berardo Collection
Centro Cultural de Belém (CCB), Portugal
10-10-2003 ~ 13-03-2004

Accrochage Nº1, Selection of Portuguese and French Artists in The Berardo Collection
Embaixada de França (French Embassy), Portugal
27-04-2005 ~ 15-10-2005

Dada and Surrealism in Chicago Collections
Museum of Contemporary Art (Chicago), USA
01-12-1984 ~ 01-02-1985

Parallel Visions – Modern Artists and Outsider Art, Basel
Kunsthalle (Basel), Germany
01-07-1993 ~ 01-08-1993

Parallel Visions – Modern Artists and Outsider Art, Los Angeles
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, USA
01-10-1992 ~ 01-01-1993

Parallel Visions – Modern Artists and Outsider Art, Madrid
Museo Nacional, Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Spain
01-02-1993 ~ 01-05-1993

Parallel Visions – Modern Artists and Outsider Art, Tokyo
Setagaya Art Museum (Tokyo), Japan
01-09-1993 ~ 01-12-1993

Bunuel! Auge des Jahrhunderts
Kunsthalle der Bundesrepublik Deutchland (Bonn), Germany
01-02-1994 ~ 01-04-1994

Bunuel! La Mirada Del Siglo
Museo Nacional, Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Spain
01-07-1996 ~ 01-10-1996

The Surreal Woman. Femaleness and the Uncanny in Surrealism
Kunsthalle (Bielefeld), Germany
02-09-2001 ~ 18-11-2001

Fernando Lemos and Surrealism - The Berardo Collection
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
26-11-2005 ~ 18-06-2006

Fernando Lemos e o Surrealismo - Colecção Berardo
Centro das Artes Casa das Mudas, Calheta, Madeira, Portugal
08-07-2006 ~ 31-01-2007

De Miró à Warhol. La Collection Berardo à Paris
Musée du Luxembourg, France
16-10-2008 ~ 22-02-2009


Bibliography

Accrochage Nº1, Selection of Portuguese and French Artists in The Berardo Collection, 2005
Published by 90 Graus Editora, Lda.
ISBN 9728964013

Bunuel! Auge des Jahrunders, 1994
Published by Kunsthalle der Bundesrepublik Deutchland

Fernando Lemos and Surrealism , 2005
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 9729903026

Fernando Lemos e o Surrealismo – Colecção Berardo, 2006
Published by Centro das Artes - Casa das Mudas
ISBN 9728902034

Parallel Visions – Modern Artists and Outsider Art, Catalogue III, 1992

The Surreal Woman. Femaleness and the Uncanny in Surrealism, 2001
Published by Kunsthalle Bielefeld







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