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Copyright estate of the artist
 Brauner, Victor (1903 - 1966)
Romania

Le Chevalier de Glace, 1938

Oil on canvas;
54 x 65 cm
Surrealism

UID 102-74



Biography

Although Victor Brauner mainly worked as painter, sculptor and playwright in France, he was in fact born in Romania. He studied in Braila, Bucharest, where he held his first exhibition in 1924 at the Mozart Gallery. He founded the magazine 75 HP and, between 1928 and 1931, worked on another surrealist and dadaist magazine called UNU, where he published his paintings and drawings. He moved to Paris in 1930 where he met Constatin Brancusi, who introduced him to photography, and Yves Tanguy through whom he met the major surrealists of the time. He held his first one-man show in 1934 at the Pierre Loeb Gallery. He went back to Paris in 1945 and, in 1946, he held another one-man show at the Pierre Loeb Gallery which was followed by participation in the International Exhibition of Surrealism at the Maeght Gallery in 1947. In 1948, at the René Drouin Gallery, he held his most important exhibition. 1959 saw him participate in documenta 2 in Kassel and cut his ties with the surrealists. In the 50s, inspired by the existential philosophy of Heidegger, he produced many pictures which dealt with death in a prophetic manner. Brauner was also one of the artists chosen to represent France at the 1966 Venice Biennale. Some of his works were donated to the Musée Nationale d'Art Moderne (Georges Pompidou Centre) after his death.



Exhibitions

Corpus: Visions of the Body in The Berardo Collection
Centro Cultural de Belém (CCB), Portugal
10-10-2003 ~ 13-03-2004

Colecção Berardo Collection 1917-1999
Centro Cultural de Belém (CCB), Portugal
27-01-2000 ~ 27-08-2000

Collection Berardo, Oeuvres Choisies du 20e Siècle
Musée des Beaux Arts de Lyon, France
05-10-2001 ~ 14-01-2002

Fernando Lemos and Surrealism - The Berardo Collection
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
26-11-2005 ~ 18-06-2006

Fernando Lemos e o Surrealismo - Colecção Berardo
Centro das Artes Casa das Mudas, Calheta, Madeira, Portugal
08-07-2006 ~ 31-01-2007

Berardo Museum Opening
Museu Colecção Berardo, Portugal
25-06-2007 ~ 24-08-2008

De Miró à Warhol. La Collection Berardo à Paris
Musée du Luxembourg, France
16-10-2008 ~ 22-02-2009

Art in France 1860-1960: Realism
MASP - Museu de Arte de São Paulo, Brazil
15-05-2009 ~ 30-06-2009

Art in France 1860-1960: Realism, Porto Alegre
MARGS, MUSEU DE ARTE DO RIO GRANDE DO SUL ADO MALAGOLI, Brazil
13-07-2009 ~ 30-08-2009

Paradise Motel
Museu Colecção Berardo, Portugal
13-11-2010 ~ 26-12-2011

Sous la Dictée de L’image
Museu Colecção Berardo, Portugal
01-03-2010 ~ 26-05-2010

Tudo o que é Sólido
Museu Colecção Berardo, Portugal
07-06-2010 ~ 12-09-2010


Bibliography

Colecção Berardo Collection 1917-1999, 2000
Published by CCB - Centro Cultural de Belém
ISBN 972817652X

Collection Berardo, Oeuvres Choisies du 20e Siècle, 2001
Published by Musée des Beaux Arts de Lyon
ISBN 2711843319

Corpus: Visions of the Body in The Berardo Collection, 2003
Published by CCB - Centro Cultural de Belém
ISBN 9728176856

Fernando Lemos and Surrealism , 2005
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 9729903026

Fernando Lemos e o Surrealismo – Colecção Berardo, 2006
Published by Centro das Artes - Casa das Mudas
ISBN 9728902034







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