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No image due to Copyright restrictions.
 Calder, Alexander (1898 - 1976)
USA

Black Spray, 1956

Hanging mobile with painted sheet metal and rods;
350.5 x 251.5 cm
Kinetic Art

UID 102-85



Biography

American sculptor and draughtsman, pioneer of mobiles. Born in Philadelphia, the son and grandson of sculptors. Studied engineering and worked at various jobs before attending the Art Students League, New York, to study painting 1923-26. First one-man exhibition at the Weyhe Gallery, New York, 1928. Lived 1928-33 mainly in Paris, where he became friendly with Miró, and joined the group Abstraction-Création in 1931. Started to make sculptures, to which Duchamp gave the name mobiles, which could be moved by hand or by small electric motors, followed from 1934, by pieces which were set in motion by air currents (Mayor Gallery, London). The name stabiles was later suggested by Arp for his sculptures which did not move. Lived mainly in the USA, at Roxbury, Connecticut, from 1933 until 1953. Awarded the main prize for sculpture at the 1952 Venice Biennale and the First Prize for Sculpture at the 1958 Pittsburgh International. He was awarded the United National Peace Medal, Retrospective exhibitions of Calder 's work have been held at the the Whitney Museum in 1976, at the Centre Pompidou in 1978, at the Palazzo a Vela, Turin, 1987, Whitney Museum, New York, 1992, Royal Academy of Arts, London. Died in New York.



Exhibitions

The Berardo Collection: An Addiction to Freedom
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
28-03-2003 ~ 28-09-2003

The Berardo Collection - A Voyage through the 20th Century
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
04-12-2004 ~ 30-04-2005

Pomar - Autobiography
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
08-05-2004 ~ 07-11-2004

The Berardo Collection
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
17-05-1997 ~ 31-08-1997

Face - a - Face
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
02-10-2001 ~ 30-04-2001

A Look at The Berardo Collection
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
18-06-2000 ~ 30-09-2000

Durante o Fim - Rui Chafes
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
15-10-2000 ~ 14-01-2001

Fernando Lemos e o Surrealismo - Colecção Berardo
Centro das Artes Casa das Mudas, Calheta, Madeira, Portugal
08-07-2006 ~ 31-01-2007

On Public Display: MB Interior, Calder, Black Spray
Museu Colecção Berardo, Portugal
19-05-2010 ~ 30-12-2011


Bibliography

Calder Tout L' Art – Monographie, 1996

Pomar - Autobiography, 2004
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 9723709066

The Berardo Collection – Sintra Museum of Modern Art, 1996
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 9729739105

A Look at The Berardo Collection, 2000
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 9729742839







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