Italian painter, born in Bologna. Professor of engraving and etching at Bologna Academy 1930-56. First still lifes and landscapes inspired by the works of Renoir, Monet et Cézanne. In 1914 met Boccioni and Carrà in Bologna and took part in the first Futurist exhibition at the Galleria Sprovieri in Rome. Later, in 1918, came to know Mario Broglio, founder of the magazine Valori Plastici, and began to paint metaphysical still lifes, having participated in the joint-exhibition of the same name in 1921. He got acquainted with De Chirico in 1919. 1928 Exhibited at the Venice Biennale. Growing international recognition after 1945, including the City of Venice prize for an Italian painter at the 1948 Venice Biennale and the First Prize at the 1957 at the São Paulo Biennale. 1955-64 Participation in "Documenta" 1 - 3, in Kassel. Morandi clung faithfully to his main subject, the still life, up to the end of his career. He created a cosmic unity out of familiar objects, such as vessels, vases and bottles, through subtle combinations of colour and the interplay of shadow and light.