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Copyright the artist
 César,  (1921 - )
France

Hommage à Léon, 1958-64

Bronze;
242 x 106.5 x 64.8 cm
Nouveau Réalisme

UID 102-100



Biography

French sculpture and object artist born César Baldaccini, in Marseille. 1935-42 Studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris- From 1950 made metal sculptures from collected pieces of industrial waste and scrap metal. 1954 First solo exhibition Animaux en ferraille at the Lucien Durand Gallery in Paris. 1959-68 Participation in “documenta 2” and “4”, in Kassel. From 1960 started to produce Compressions Dirigées, metal objects compressed into rectangular cuboids with a hydraulic press. He took part in Nouveau Réalisme events. 1961 During a visit to America he became acquainted with Duchamp and various Pop Art artists. Made compression using three cars, a Buick (from USA), a Zimm (from Soviet Union) and a Sunbeam (from England). Participated in the exhibition The Art of Assemblage, MoMA, New York. Created sculptures which represent enlarged parts of the body such as thumbs or parts of the chest. 1967 First Expansions: happening-like events involving the pouring of liquid plastics. 1970 Professorship at the École Nationale des Beaux Arts in Paris. 1972 Mask series with the cast of his own face. 1985/86 Flat compressions of Peugeot cars. 1991 Pop Art, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 1993 Retrospective, Musée de la Vieille Charité, Marseille, 1995 Venice Biennale, 1997 Major retrospective at the Galerie du Jeu de Paume in Paris. Lives in Paris.



Exhibitions

The Berardo Collection: An Addiction to Freedom
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
28-03-2003 ~ 28-09-2003

Trois Sculpteurs, César, Röel d'Haese, Tinguely
Musée des Arts Decoratifs, France
01-01-1965 ~ 31-12-1965

César (Tokyo)
Seibu Museum of Art, Japan
01-01-1982 ~ 31-12-1982

César (Marseille)
Musée Cantini, France
01-01-1966 ~ 31-12-1966

César, Fers 1950-1960 Bronzes
Galerie Henri Crezevault, France
01-01-1971 ~ 31-12-1971

César, La Question de la Sculpture
Musée Picasso (Antibes), France
01-01-1978 ~ 31-12-1978

Arman & César
Fondation Château de Jau, France
01-01-1979 ~ 31-12-1979

César, Sculptures Anciennes
Galerie Beaubourg (Paris-Vence), France
01-01-1980 ~ 30-12-1980

César, Sculptures 1950-1980
Grand Palais, France
01-01-1980 ~ 30-12-1980

César (Kruishoutem)
Fondation Veranneman, Belgium
01-01-1981 ~ 31-12-1981

César (Torino)
Galleria Galatea, Italy
01-01-1966 ~ 31-12-1966

César (Paris)
Pavillon des Arts, France
01-01-1983 ~ 31-12-1983

César (Liège)
Musée d'Art Moderne (Liége), Belgium
01-01-1982 ~ 31-12-1982

César, Bronzes
Musée de la Poste, France
01-01-1984 ~ 30-12-1984

Marseille: ils collectionnent
Musée Cantini, France
01-01-1985 ~ 31-12-1985

César, 30 dernières années de son oeuvre
Centre Culturel de l'Yvone, Collégiale Saint Lazare, France
01-01-1987 ~ 31-12-1987

César, Les Bronzes
Musée Paul-Valérie, France
01-01-1991 ~ 31-12-1991

César (Marseille)
Musée Vieille Charité, France
01-01-1993 ~ 31-12-1993

Accrochage Nº1, Selection of Portuguese and French Artists in The Berardo Collection
Embaixada de França (French Embassy), Portugal
27-04-2005 ~ 15-10-2005

ACAM
Xème Salon de l´ACAM, France
01-01-1985 ~ 01-12-1985

César 1955-1985
Musée d'Art Contemporain (Dunkerque), France
01-01-1985 ~ 01-12-1985

Carte blanche à la Galerie Melki, apects des années 60.
Galeries du Théâtre Municipal, France
01-01-1990 ~ 31-12-1990

Hommage au Président G. Pompidou
Artcurial, France
01-01-1987 ~ 31-12-1987

Corps-figures
Artcurial, France
01-01-1989 ~ 01-12-1989

The Berardo Collection
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
17-05-1997 ~ 31-08-1997

3D - The Berardo Collection at the Portugeuse Parlement
Assembleia da República, Portugal
17-04-2007 ~ 20-08-2007

De Miró à Warhol. La Collection Berardo à Paris
Musée du Luxembourg, France
16-10-2008 ~ 22-02-2009


Bibliography

Accrochage Nº1, Selection of Portuguese and French Artists in The Berardo Collection, 2005
Published by 90 Graus Editora, Lda.
ISBN 9728964013

Arman & César, 1979
Published by Fondation Château de Jau

Carte Blanche à la Galerie Melki, aspects des années 60, 1990
Published by Galeries du Théâtre Municipal

César, 1966
Published by Galleria Galatea

César, 1989
Published by Revue du Ministère de l' Économie et du Budget

César, 1966
Published by Galleria il Fante di Spade

César, 1991
Published by GLMR, d' Architecture no. 21

César, 1993
Published by Galeries Magazine no. 55

César, 1982
Published by Musée Art Moderne

César, 1983
Published by Pavillon des Arts

César, 1988
Published by Éditions de la Différence

César, 1990
Published by Populaire du centre

César 1955-1966, 1966
Published by Galerie Madoura

César 30 dernières années de son oeuvre, 1987
Published by Centre Culturel l'Yonne, Collégiale Saint Lazare

César à Roubaix, 1981
Published by Nord Éclair

César Bronzes, 1984
Published by Musée de la Poste

César Demeures & Châteaux en France

César Electa Spa, 1988

César Fers 1950-1960 Bronzes, 1971
Published by Galerie Henri Creuzevault

César La question de la Sculpture, 1978
Published by Musée Picasso

César les Bronzes, 1991
Published by Musée Paul-Valéry

César Rétrospective, 1981
Published by Hôtel de Ville

César Rétrospective, 1966
Published by Musée Cantini

César Rétrospective, 1981
Published by Cabriès-en Provence

César Rétrospective, 1981

César Tokyo 1982, 1982
Published by Seibu Museum of Art

Corps-figures, 1989

Corrèze Magazine, 1990
Published by Corrèze Magazine

France Soir, 1989

Gazette de l'Hôtel Drouot, 1990

Gazette de l'Hôtel Drouot, 1990

Grégoire Müller, Der Plastiker César, II, 1968

Hommage au Président G. Pompidou, 1987
Published by Artcurial, Paris

Je suis un sculpteur ancien
Published by Cimaise no. 170, VIII

Je suis un sculpteur ancien
Published by Cimaise et Galerie Beaubourg

L'Appartement d'un Amateur d' Art, 1990
Published by Votre Maison, V-VI

Le Mur Vivant, 1990
Published by Ministère des Finances

Le Petit Journal de César, 1993
Published by Galeries Magazine H.S.

Marseille: ils collectionnent, 1985
Published by Musée Cantini

Me Francis Briest, 1990
Published by Drouot-Montaigne

Rétrospective César, 1993
Published by Musée Vieille Charité

Rodin César, 1989
Published by Galerie Vallois et Georges-Phillippe Vallois

Salle catalogue Me Francis Briest, 1990
Published by Drouot-Montaigne

The Berardo Collection – Sintra Museum of Modern Art, 1996
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 9729739105

Trois Sculpteurs, CÉSAR, Roël d'Haese, Tinguely, 1965
Published by Musée Arts Décoratifs

Villetaneuse informations, 1982







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