Partners
Museu Berardo
Bacalhôa Vinhos de Portugal
Fundação Berardo





Copyright estate of the artist
 Chirico, de, Giorgio (1888 - 1978)
Italy

La Cohorte Invincible, 1928

Oil on canvas;
129.3 x 89 cm
Metaphysical Surrealism

UID 102-113



Biography

An Italian painter who was also active in the worlds of literature, theatre, design and sculpture. Between 1903 and 1905, he studied drawing at the Higher School of Fine Arts in Athens. In 1906 he moved to Munich and, in 1910, to Florence. It was in this year he produced his first important work, Enigma of an Autumm Afternoon. In 1911 he moved to Paris, where he came into contact with the Cubists Apollinaire, Picasso, Derain, Brancusi and others. He painted the series Italian Squares and, in 1913, he sold his first painting in the Salon d' Automne. In May 1918, he exhibited in Italy with Carra and, nine months later, held his first one-man show at the Bragaglia Gallery in Rome. In 1924, he returned to Paris, where the Surrealist group had become familiar with his work from 1914 to 1917, interpreting it in the light of their interest in the subconscious derived from Freudian analysis. After successive trips between France and the United States in the 50s, De Chirico spoke against the Venice Biennale's and Modernism in general. Giorgio De Chirico always wanted his work to approach a unified whole and he finally brought the public to accept an interpretation of his art that corrected the unbalanced outbursts of Surrealism. In his "metaphysical painting", objects, characters and scenes are connected in an unusual way, creating a mysteriously calm pictorial space, transmitting an alienating and enigmatic quietude to his works.



Exhibitions

Mostra personale del pittore Giorgio de Chirico
Galleria Rotta, Italy
01-05-1938 ~ 31-05-1938

Recent Paintings by Giorgio de Chirico
Valentine Gallery, The, USA
01-12-1928 ~ 31-01-1929

O Surrealismo na Colecção Berardo - Estranho Desenho
Palácio da Galeria, Câmara Municipal de Tavira, Portugal
12-07-2003 ~ 14-09-2003

Giorgio de Chirico Gladiators, 1927-1929
Fai Fondo Per L'Ambiente Italiano (Villa Panza, Varese), Italy
04-10-2003 ~ 14-12-2003

Erich Kahn - Forgotten Generation Jewish Survivor German Expressionist
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
05-05-2005 ~ 09-10-2005

Collection Berardo, Oeuvres Choisies du 20e Siècle
Musée des Beaux Arts de Lyon, France
05-10-2001 ~ 14-01-2002

Fernando Lemos and Surrealism - The Berardo Collection
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
26-11-2005 ~ 18-06-2006

Nova Apresentação da Colecção Berardo
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
08-11-1999 ~ 01-03-2000

Durante o Fim - Rui Chafes
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
15-10-2000 ~ 14-01-2001

O Surrealismo na Colecção Berardo - Estranho Desenho, Sintra
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
04-07-2001 ~ 30-06-2001

Fernando Lemos e o Surrealismo - Colecção Berardo
Centro das Artes Casa das Mudas, Calheta, Madeira, Portugal
08-07-2006 ~ 31-01-2007

De Miró à Warhol. La Collection Berardo à Paris
Musée du Luxembourg, France
16-10-2008 ~ 22-02-2009

Sous la Dictée de L’image
Museu Colecção Berardo, Portugal
01-03-2010 ~ 26-05-2010

Tudo o que é Sólido
Museu Colecção Berardo, Portugal
07-06-2010 ~ 12-09-2010

Observers
Museu Colecção Berardo, Portugal
14-02-2011 ~ 29-05-2011


Bibliography

Catalogo generale Giorgio de Chirico, Opere dal 1908 al 1930, vol. 4, 1983

Christie's, Twentieth Century Art, 1998
Published by Christie's

Colecção Berardo Collection 1917-1999, 2000
Published by CCB - Centro Cultural de Belém
ISBN 972817652X

Colecção Berardo, Novas Aquisições, 2000
Published by Arte Ibérica

Collection Berardo, Oeuvres Choisies du 20e Siècle, 2001
Published by Musée des Beaux Arts de Lyon
ISBN 2711843319

De Chirico, avec des fragments littéraires de l'artiste, 1928

Erich Kahn - Forgotten Generation Jewish Survivor German Expressionist , 2005
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 9729903018

Fernando Lemos and Surrealism , 2005
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 9729903026

Fernando Lemos e o Surrealismo – Colecção Berardo, 2006
Published by Centro das Artes - Casa das Mudas
ISBN 9728902034

Giorgio de Chirico, 1936

Giorgio de Chirico, 1945

Giorgio de Chirico and America, 1996
Published by E. Brown Editions
ISBN 8842206822

Giorgio de Chirico, Gladiatori 1927-1929, 2003
Published by Villa Panza

Giorgio de Chirico: Parigi 1924-1929, 1982
Published by Ed. P. Daverio

Mostra Personale del Pittore Giorgio de Chirico, 1938
Published by Galleria Rotta

O Surrealismo na Colecção Berardo - Estranho Desenho, 2003
Published by Palácio da Galeria, Câmara Municipal de Tavira
ISBN 9728705050

O Surrealismo na Colecção Berardo - Estranho Desenho, 2001
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 9729742847







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