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Copyright estate of the artist
 Klucis, Gustav (1895 - 1944)
Latvia

Plakatentwurf, 1930

Collage;
36 x 48 cm
Constructivism

UID 102-311



Biography

Painter, sculptor, graphic artist, designer and teacher of Latvian origin. Klucis worked mainly in Russia, where he was an important exponent of Constructivism. He studied in Riga and St Petersburg but, in 1917, at the outbreak of the October Revolution, he joined the regiment of Latvian troops. He began sketching Lenin and his fellow-soldiers, showing a certain Cubist influence. In 1920-21, he began experimenting with new materials, making wooden and paper constructions that combined the geometrism of Suprematism with a Constructivist concern for the relation of volumes in space. In 1922, he gave these experiments a practical end and, in 1926, he helped organise the Soviet section at the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes in Paris. During the 20s, his interest in photomontage increased and, in the 30s, he began working on graphic design and typography for some official periodicals and publications. Gustav Klucis, Design for a poster, 1929 by John E. Bowlt No doubt, Klucis also designed this poster for the cycle "The fight for the Five-Year Plan" which he started in 1929, since the theme is the drive for the greater industrial production elucidated through the comparison of statistics for 1929 and 1930 (e.g. 40.6 million tons of coal produced in 1929. 51.6 produced in 1930). Klucis often restored to this combined imagery of workers, machines, smoke and data - cf. his posters for "Let's Turn the Five-Year Plan into a Four-Year Plan" (1933)



Exhibitions

Gustav Klucis 1895-1944. Politik - Montiert und Collagiert
Galerie Gmurzynska, Germany
01-01-1988 ~ 30-12-1988

Gustav Klucis. Retrospective
Museum Fridericianum, Germany
01-01-1991 ~ 31-12-1991

Building/Unbuilding/Inhabit - works of The Berardo Collection
Centro Cultural de Belém (CCB), Portugal
29-04-2005 ~ 15-01-2006

Colecção Berardo Collection 1917-1999
Centro Cultural de Belém (CCB), Portugal
27-01-2000 ~ 27-08-2000

Liberdade de Imprensa Colecção Berardo
Galeria Diário de Noticias, Portugal
15-03-2006 ~ 05-05-2006

Arriscar o Real
Museu Colecção Berardo, Portugal
08-06-2009 ~ 30-09-2009

Arte no Tempo de Shostakovich, CCB Módulo 2
Centro Cultural de Belém (CCB), Portugal
20-09-2006 ~ 20-11-2006

POVO
Fundação EDP, Portugal
18-06-2010 ~ 19-09-2010

Observers
Museu Colecção Berardo, Portugal
14-02-2011 ~ 29-05-2011


Bibliography

Colecção Berardo Collection 1917-1999, 2000
Published by CCB - Centro Cultural de Belém
ISBN 972817652X

Gustav Klucis

Gustav Klucis 1895-1944, Politik – Montiert und Collagiert, 1988
Published by Galerie Gmurzynska

Gustav Klucis. Retrospective, 1991
Published by Museum Fridericianum

Liberdade de Imprensa Colecção Berardo, 2006
Published by Diário de Notícias
ISBN 9729335923







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