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Copyright estate of the artist
 Beuys, Joseph (1921 - 1986)
Germany

Plight Element, 1985

Seven felt rolls with loose felt padding;
147 x 330 x 41 cm
Fluxus

UID 102-55



Biography

German sculptor, draughtsman, creator of action-performances, political leader and teacher. Born at Krefeld, but spent most of his early life in or near Kleve. In 1940-45 he was in the military service as fighter pilot. When his plane crashed over the Crimea in a snowstorm in 1943, badly wounded, Tartars saved his life by wrapping him in felt and fat, materials that came to figure prominently in his later work. Studied 1947-51 at the Düsseldorf Academy. His interest in anthroposophy, mythology, religion, botany and zoology led him to evolve a rich and complex symbolism, including archetypal animal images of hares, sheep, swans, bees, etc. in his works. Moved from Kleve to Düsseldorf in 1961 and became professor of sculpture at Düsseldorf Academy. From 1962 participated in the Fluxus movement with Paik and Maciunas, and in 1963 started to give action-performances using such elements as dead hares, fat and felt. In 1967 became politically active and founded the Free International School of Creativity, the German Students' Party, and in 1971 the "Organisation für direkte Demokratie durch Volksabstimmung" (Freie Volksiniative e.V.), and expounded their principles in discourse-discussions. Conflicts with authority over his teaching methods culminated in 1972 in his dismissal from the Düsseldorf Academy, followed by a strike of his students and widespread protests. As an artist, teacher and thinker, had a profound influence on subsequent generations of artists. Participated at "documenta" "3", "5", and "7", in Kassel. Retrospective exhibitions of Beuys' works have been held at the Guggenheim Museum (1980), Martin-Gropius Bau, Berlin (1988), Kunsthaus, Zürich (travelled to Madrid), (1993-94), drawings retrospective, Philadelphia Museum of Art and MoMA (1993-94)



Exhibitions

Joseph Beuys PLIGHT
Anthony d'Offay Gallery, United Kingdom
09-10-1985 ~ 16-11-1985

Joseph Beuys with Fat and Felt
Fuji Television Gallery, Japan
29-06-1993 ~ 30-09-1993

Building/Unbuilding/Inhabit - works of The Berardo Collection
Centro Cultural de Belém (CCB), Portugal
29-04-2005 ~ 15-01-2006

Joseph Beuys, Skulpturen und Objekte
Martin-Gropious-Bau, Germany
20-02-1988 ~ 01-05-1988

Joseph Beuys, Natur Materie Form
Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
30-11-1999 ~ 09-02-1992

Nam June Paik – Joseph Beuys – Wolf Vostell
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
17-02-2002 ~ 29-09-2002

The Berardo Collection
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
17-05-1997 ~ 31-08-1997

Territórios Singulares na Colecção Berardo
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
22-10-2002 ~ 28-02-2003

Novas Salas Pop, Fluxus, Foto-Realismo
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
09-06-1997 ~ 28-02-1998

Sin Título (el arte del siglo XX en la Colección Berardo)
Fundación Pedro Barrié de la Maza, Spain
29-06-2006 ~ 26-11-2006

Fragmentos Arte Contemporânea na Colecção Berardo
MACE, Museu de Arte Contemporânea de Elvas, Portugal
24-09-2010 ~ 23-01-2011


Bibliography

Joseph Beuys: Ideas and Actions, 1988
Published by Hirsch & Adler Modern

Sin Título (el arte del siglo XX en la Colección Berardo), 2006
Published by Fundación Pedro Barrié de la Maza
ISBN 8495892529

Territórios Singulares na Colecção Berardo, 2002
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 972974288X

The Berardo Collection – Sintra Museum of Modern Art, 1996
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 9729739105







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