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Copyright the artist
 Mondrian, Piet (1872 - 1944)
Netherlands

Tableau with Yellow, Black, Blue and Grey, 1923

Oil on canvas;
54.5 x 53.5 cm
Neo-Plasticism

UID 102-623



Biography

Dutch painter and theoretician born in Amersfoort. He studied at the Amsterdam Academy from 1892 to 1895. Most of his early works were landscapes. In 1909 he began a series of paintings of trees in which he developed an increasingly abstract style. He lived in Paris, from periods between 1911 to 1938, although he stayed in Holland during the war of 1914-18, where he came into contact with Theo van Doesburg and helped found De Stijl, a magazine of the arts that influenced European painting, architecture, and design. Mondrian and van Doesburg emphasized “the need for abstraction and simplification”: mathematical structure as opposed to all “Baroque” forms of art. Their works began to display these qualities, transmitted through the straight line, the rectangle, or the cube, and eventually through colors simplified to the primaries red, yellow and blue, and the neutrals black, white and gray. For Mondrian these simplifications had symbolic significance based on eastern philosophy and the mystical teachings of Theosophy, a spiritual movement. Mondrian was particularly obsessed by the mystical implications of vertical-hiorizontal opposition and spent the rest of his life exploring them, producing in the process some of the most extraordinary works of art of the twentieth century. His style, and its underlying artistic principles, he called neoplasticism. Due to his 50th birthday in 1922, The Stedelijk Museum of Amsterdam, Holland, organized an overview exhibition of his work. In 1938 Mondrian moved, because of the threat of Nazi-Germany, to London and in 1940 to New York, where he died in 1944. The later paintings, which date from 1920 until his death, have simple titles, such as this one ‘Composition with yellow, black, blue and grey´, 1923.



Exhibitions

Here and Now: On Minimal Art in The Berardo Collection
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
18-10-2003 ~ 22-02-2004

Pomar - Autobiography
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
08-05-2004 ~ 07-11-2004

The Berardo Collection - A Voyage through the 20th Century
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
04-12-2004 ~ 30-04-2005

Erich Kahn - Forgotten Generation Jewish Survivor German Expressionist
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
05-05-2005 ~ 09-10-2005

Internationale Kunstausstellung, Gesellschaft zur Forderung Moderner Kunst
Sezession, Austria
11-09-1924 ~ 20-10-1924

Territórios Singulares na Colecção Berardo
Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo (SMAM-CB), Portugal
22-10-2002 ~ 28-02-2003

De Onafhankelijken
Stedelijk Museum (Amsterdam), The Netherlands
24-05-1925 ~ 21-06-1925

Piet Mondrian Herdenkingstentoonstelling
Stedelijk Museum (Amsterdam), The Netherlands
06-11-1946 ~ 16-12-1946

Selections from Five New York Private Collections
The Museum of Modern Art (MOMA, NY), USA
26-06-1951 ~ 09-09-1951

44 Protagonisti della visualita strutturata
Galleria Lorenzelli, Italy
01-04-1964 ~ 30-06-1964

Piet Mondrian 1872-1944 (Basel)
Kunsthalle (Basel), Germany
06-02-1947 ~ 02-03-1947

Piet Mondrian 1872-1944 (Bern)
Kunstmuseum (Bern), Switzerland
02-02-1972 ~ 09-04-1972

Piet Mondrian Centennial Exhibition
The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum of Art, USA
01-01-1971 ~ 31-12-1971

De Mathematica
Galleria Lorenzelli, Italy
01-01-1974 ~ 31-12-1974

La Biennale di Venezia
La Biennale di Venezia, Italy
01-01-1978 ~ 31-12-1978

Pittura Moderna Stranieri nelle Collezioni Private Italiane
Galleria Civica d'Arte Moderna, Italy
~

Sin Título (el arte del siglo XX en la Colección Berardo)
Fundación Pedro Barrié de la Maza, Spain
29-06-2006 ~ 26-11-2006

Berardo Museum Opening
Museu Colecção Berardo, Portugal
25-06-2007 ~ 09-09-2007

De Miró à Warhol. La Collection Berardo à Paris
Musée du Luxembourg, France
16-10-2008 ~ 22-02-2009

De Stijl - Mondrian
Centre Georges Pompidou, France
01-12-2010 ~ 21-03-2011

Sous la Dictée de L’image
Museu Colecção Berardo, Portugal
01-03-2010 ~ 26-05-2010


Bibliography

De Onafhankelijken, 1925
Published by Stedelijk Museum

Erich Kahn - Forgotten Generation Jewish Survivor German Expressionist , 2005
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 9729903018

Mondrian – The Life and Work of the Artist, 1968
Published by Dolphin Art Books

Mondrian Catalogue Raisonné vol. II (1911-1944), 1998

Piet Mondriaan Herdenkingstentoonstelling, 1946
Published by Stedelijk Museum

Piet Mondrian, 1964
Published by Galerie Beyeler

Piet Mondrian 1872-1944 (coll. E.H.E.L. Cabos, Utrecht), 1947
Published by Kunsthalle

Piet Mondrian, Life and Work, 1965
Published by Harry N. Abrams Inc. Publishers

Pomar - Autobiography, 2004
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 9723709066

Rockefeller–Whitney-Senior-Odets-Colin, New York: Five Outstanding Collections will Emerge from Privacy to Make The Museum of Modern Art's Major Summer Show
Published by Art News

Selections from Five New York Private Collections (Collections Rockefeller, Whitney, Senior, Odets, Colin), 1951
Published by The Museum of Modern Art

Sezession, Internationale Kunstausstellung, 1924
Published by Gesellschaft zur Forderung Moderner Kunst

Sin Título (el arte del siglo XX en la Colección Berardo), 2006
Published by Fundación Pedro Barrié de la Maza
ISBN 8495892529

Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, 1972
Published by Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum

Territórios Singulares na Colecção Berardo, 2002
Published by Sintra Museu de Arte Moderna - Colecção Berardo
ISBN 972974288X

Tout l'oeuvre peint de Mondrian, 1976







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