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Copyright the Artist
 Moore, Henry (1898 - 1986)
UK

Reclining Figure: Arched Leg, 4/6, 1969-70

Bronze with green patina;
249 x 465.5 x 206 cm
Abstraction After WWII

UID 102-884



Biography

British Sculptor, draughtsman and commercial designer, Moore is considered the most important British sculptor of the 20th century. Although he kept up, over his artistic career, with the various stylistic changes and the emergence of new sculptural materials, Moore appropriated diverse cultural and artistic traditions to give his work a strong resonance of the art of the past. In 1919, in attending a two year course at the Leeds School of Art, he discovered Roger Fry's, Vision and Design, which introduced him to what would be his major influence: non-western sculpture. In 1921, he received a grant to study at the Royal College of Art in London, but his constant visits to the British Museum, when studying, proved to be more important for his artistic development. A conflict swiftly arose between his academic studies and his interests in non-European sculptural traditions. He visited Paris for the first time in 1923 and felt completely oppressed by the work of Cézanne. From 1926 to 1939, he taught sculpture at the Royal College. In 1928, he held his first one-man show at the Warren Gallery in London. His work in the 30s was strongly marked by the influence of Picasso, Hans Arp and Alberto Giacometti and, in 1933, Moore joined a group of vanguard painters, sculptors and architects called Unit One. In 1946, he had a major retrospective exhibition at the New York Museum of Modern Art (MoMA). In 1948, he received a prize for sculpture at the Venice Biennale and again, in 1953, at the Sao Paulo Biennale. Between 1955 and 1977, he took part in documenta 1, 3 and 6, in Kassel. After the 50s, the main sources of inspiration for his sculptures became bones, shells, pebbles and other stones. In contrast to his early works, in which the human figure would appear in the form of mountains or valleys, in the 60s and 70s, rocky outcrops formed by the sea, grottoes and boulders transformed into the human body appear. In the last fifteen years of his life, Moore essentially concentrated on drawing as a leisure activity independent of his sculptural production. Moore's sculptures developed from a post-Picasso style to finish in pure Abstraction. During the 70s, numerous retrospective exhibitions of his work were held and, in 1974, the Henry Moore Sculpture Center at the Ontario Art Gallery Toronto was inaugurated, where the major collection of the artist's work is to be found. In 1977, the Henry Moore Foundation in Much Hadham was created and, in 1978, Moore gave 36 sculptures to the Tate Gallery in London.



Exhibitions

Henry Moore
Forte di Belvedere, Italy
01-05-1972 ~ 30-09-1972

Henry Moore Carvings Bronzes 1961-1970
Marlborough Gallery Inc., USA
01-04-1970 ~ 01-05-1970

Henry Moore Carvings Bronzes 1961-1970
Knoedler Gallery, USA
01-04-1971 ~ 31-05-1971

3D - The Berardo Collection at the Portugeuse Parlement
Assembleia da República, Portugal
17-04-2007 ~ 20-08-2007

Moore and Matta at Gary Nader
Gary Nader Gallery, USA
22-11-2005 ~ 15-01-2006

Ten Monumental British Sculptures
Cerro da Vila, Portugal
11-09-2010 ~ 29-10-2011

On Public Display: MB Exterior, Moore, Reclining Figure: Arched Leg, 4/6
Museu Colecção Berardo, Portugal
21-08-2007 ~ 25-09-2010


Bibliography

Henry Moore, 1989
Published by Fondation Pierre Gianadda

Henry Moore 1898-1986, 1992
Published by Art Gallery of New South Wales

Henry Moore Remembered, The Collection at the Art Gallery of Ontario in Toronto, 1987

Henry Moore Sculpture, with comments by the artist, 1981
Published by Ed. S. Mitchinson

Henry Moore sculptures, 1970
Published by Galerie Beyeler

Henry Moore, Sculpture and Drawings 1921-1969, 1970

Henry Moore, Sculpture and Drawings, vol. 4 (Complete Sculpture 1964-73), 1977
Published by Ed. A. Bowness

Henry Moore, The Reclinig Figure
Published by Columbus Museum of Art

Henry Moore: 60 Years of His Art, 1983

Henry Moore: Sculpture and Environment, 1977

Henry Moore: Sculptures, Drawings, Graphics 1921-1981
Published by Palacio de Velázquez, Palacio de Cristal, Parque de El Retiro

L´oeuvre monumentale, 1992
Published by Connaissance des Arts







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